(中学篇)2018年第01期:逆向教学设计落实英语学科核心素养的实践(北京:赵钰莲)一文涉及的“逆向教学设计”范例及教学文本

 
附录1:“逆向教学设计”模板下的教学设计

One Festival, Two Cultures

 




附录2:教学文本     
 One Festival, Two Cultures
 
(A)
The Dragon Boat Festival, also called the Duanwu Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese calendar. It has been held for more than 2,000 years and is famous for its educational influence. The festival commemorates the patriotic poet Qu Yuan, and also acts as a chance for Chinese people to build their bodies and dispel diseases.

The legend of Qu Yuan is well-known to Chinese. He was wise and upright who wanted to bring his country peace and make the state stronger, but the country was in the hands of bad officials, so he failed. At last, he was very discouraged and ended his life by throwing himself into the Miluo River. People were sad over his death. They tossed rice and meat into the river to feed the fish, which would protect Qu's body.

Therefore, for thousands of years, the festival has been marked by eating zongzi and racing dragon boats. In fact, the Dragon Boat Festival used to have other interesting customs. Ancient Chinese believed the day of Duanwu was unlucky because mid-summer was just around the corner. The hot weather used to bring various disease. Dispelling disease and driving out evil were the main purpose of the festival. People would paste on their front doors pictures of Zhongkui, a legendary Chinese ghost-catcher. They would also use cattail and mugwort leaves to drive away mosquitoes and other insects. Children would wear necklaces or bracelets, made of five-colored threads, to keep evil away from them. They would also receive colorful pouches containing fragrant herbal medicines as presents. 

(B)
Gangneung Danoje Festival (Jiangling Duanwu), rooted in Chinese culture, also falls on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the lunar calendar. The festival actually lasts for a month from April 5 to May 7 in the lunar calendar. It is a day when Koreans have prayed for favorable weather for farming and fishing and a good autumn harvest. 

When Korea was an agricultural (farming) society, people traditionally spent the day enjoying themselves after spring planting and preparing for the summer farming season. Villagers engaged in traditional rituals, such as making offerings of food to their ancestors in the hope for a good harvest. Besides, various events were held throughout the country. The highlight of the day was seeing the winning wrestler awarded a bull, possibly the top prize in the agricultural society. Women competed with each other on swings to determine who could swing the highest while standing up, with the winner usually receiving a gold ring. Under the strict society, it was a day of release for the women, who were usually kept behind closed doors. 

Nowadays, besides sacrificial(祭祀的) activities, there are swing, wrestling, mask performance, the pleasure of farmers, folk songs and many other folk customs, games and cultural activities. The Gangneung Danoje Festival was even identified as “Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity” (人类口头和非物质文化遗产)by UNESCO(联合国教科文组织)in 2005. 

(Adapted from CRIENGLISH.com)